PenguinScience | Papers, Books











From the Columbia University Press

The Adelie Penguin: Bellwether of Climate Change

Dr. David G. Ainley, author

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Natural History Patterns

Ainley, D.G. 2007. A letter from Cape Royds: of penguins and men. Pp210-226 in Antarctica: Life on the Ice (S.F. Rogers, Ed.). Traveler’s Tales Books, Sola House, Palo Alto CA. [pdf]

Ainley, D.G., S.S. Jacobs, C.A. Ribic & I. Gaffney. 1998. Seabird distribution and oceanic features of the Amundsen and southern Bellingshausen seas.  Antarctic Science 10: 111-123.[pdf]

Ainley, D.G., N. Nur & E. J. Woehler. 1995.  Factors affecting the size and distribution of pygoscelid penguin colonies in the Antarctic.  Auk 112: 171-182.[pdf]

Ainley, D.G., C.T. Tynan & I. Stirling. 2003. Sea ice: a critical habitat for polar marine mammals and birds. Pp 240-266 in Sea Ice: An Introduction to its Physics, Biology, Chemistry and Geology (D.N. Thomas & G.S. Dieckmann, Eds.). Blackwell Science, London.

Ainley, D.G., E.J. Woehler & A. Lescroël. 2017. Birds and Antarctic sea ice. In: Sea Ice (3rd Edition) (D.N. Thomas, Ed.). John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., London.

Ballard, G., D.G. Ainley, C.A. Ribic & K.R. Barton. 2001. Effect of instrument attachment on foraging trip duration and nesting success of Adélie penguins. Condor 103: 481-490. [pdf]

Bost, C.A., C. Cotté, F. Bailleul, Y. Cherel, J.B. Charrassin, C. Guinet, D.G. Ainley,  H. Weimerskirch. 2009. The importance of oceanographic fronts to marine birds and mammals of the southern oceans. Journal of Marine Systems 78: 363–376. [pdf]

Dugger, K.M., D.G. Ainley, P. O’B. Lyver, K.M. Barton, G. Ballard. 2010. Survival differences and the effect of environmental instability on breeding dispersal in an Adélie penguin meta-population. Proc Natl Acad Sci, doi 10.1073 pnas 1000623107. [pdf]

Dugger, K.M., G. Ballard, Ainley, D.G. & K.J. Barton. 2006.  Flipper-band effects on the foraging behavior and survival of Adélie Penguins. Auk 123: 858–869. [pdf]

LaRue, M.A., H.J. Lynch, P.O’B Lyver, K. Barton, D.G Ainley, A. Pollard, W.R. Fraser & G. Ballard. 2014. A method for estimating population colony sizes of Adélie penguins using remote sensing imagery. Polar Biology, doi 10.1007/s00300-014-1451-8 [pdf]

Lescroël, A., K.M. Dugger, G. Ballard & Ainley, D.G. 2009. Effects of individual quality, reproductive success and environmental variability on survival of a long-lived seabird. Journal of Animal Ecology 78(4): 798-806. [pdf]

Lyver POB, Barron M, Barton KJ, Ainley DG, Pollard A, Gordon S, McNeill S, Ballard G & Wilson P.R. 2014. Trends in the breeding population of Adélie penguins in the Ross Sea, 1981–2012: a coincidence of climate and resource extraction effects. PLoS ONE, 9(3): e91188. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.00911 [pdf]

Petersen, S.L., G.M. Branch, D.G. Ainley,  P. D. Boersma, J. Cooper & E.J. Woehler. 2005. Is flipper banding of penguins a problem? Marine Ornithology 33: 75–79. [pdf]

Ribic, C.A., D.G. Ainley,  R.G. Ford, W.R. Fraser, C.T. Tynan & E.J. Woehler. 2011. Water masses, ocean fronts, and the structure of Antarctic seabird communities: putting the eastern Bellingshausen Sea in perspective. Deep-Sea Research II 58: 1695-1709, [pdf]

Russell, D.G.D., Sladen, W.J.L. and Ainley, D.G. 2012. Dr. George Murray Levick (1876-1956): unpublished notes on the sexual habits of the Adélie penguin. Polar Record, Available on CJO doi:10.1017/S0032247412000216. [pdf]

Spear, L.B. & Ainley, D.G. 1998. Morphological differences relative to ecological segregation in petrels (Family: Procellariidae) of the Southern Ocean and tropical Pacific. Auk 115: 1017-1033. [pdf]

Tynan, C.T., Ainley, D.G. & I. Stirling. 2010. Sea ice: a critical habitat for polar marine mammals and birds, pp 395-424. In D.N. Thomas & G. S. Dieckmann (ed.), Sea Ice, 2nd Edition. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, UK.

Varsani, A., S. Kraberger, S. Jennings, E.L. Porzig, L. Julian, M.Massaro, A. Pollard, G. Ballard & Ainley, D.G. 2014. A novel papillomavirus in Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) faeces sampled at the Cape Crozier colony, Antarctica. Journal of General Virology 95: 1352–1365 [pdf]

Varsani, A., E.L. Porzig, S. Jennings, S. Kraberger, K. Farkas, L. Julian, M. Massaro, G. Ballard & Ainley, D.G. 2015. Identification of an avian polyomavirus associated with Adélie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae). Journal of General Virology 96: 851–857. [pdf]

Wilson, D.J., P. O’B. Lyver, T.C. Greene, A.L. Whitehead, K.M. Dugger, B.J. Karl, J.R. F. Barringer, R. McGarry, A. M. Pollard & Ainley, D.G. 2016. South Polar Skua breeding populations in the Ross Sea assessed from demonstrated relationship with Adélie Penguin numbers. Polar Biology DOI 10.1007/s00300-016-1980-4. [pdf]

Foraging Ecology

Ainley, D.G. & G. Ballard. 2011. Non-consumptive factors affecting foraging patterns in Antarctic penguins: a review and synthesis. Polar Biology 35:1–13. [pdf]

Ainley, D.G., G. Ballard, R.M. Jones, D. Jongsomjit, S.D. Pierce, W.O. Smith, Jr., S. Veloz. 2015. Trophic cascades in the western Ross Sea, Antarctica: revisited. Marine Ecology Progress Series, doi 10.3354/meps11394. [pdf]

Ainley, D.G., G. Ballard, K.J. Barton, B.J. Karl, G.H. Rau, C.A. Ribic & P.R. Wilson. 2003. Spatial and temporal variation of diet composition and quality within a presumed metapopulation of Adélie Penguins. Condor 105: 95-106. [pdf]

Ainley, D.G., G. Ballard & K.M. Dugger. 2006. Competition among penguins and cetaceans reveals trophic cascades in the Ross Sea, Antarctica. Ecology, 87:2080–2093. [pdf]

Ainley, D.G., G. Ballard, S. Ackley, L.K. Blight, J.T. Eastman, S.D. Emslie, A. Lescroël, S. Olmastroni, S.E. Townsend, C.T. Tynan, P. Wilson, E. Woehler. 2007. Paradigm Lost, or, is top-down forcing no longer significant in the Antarctic Marine Ecosystem? Antarctic Science 19: 283-290. [pdf]

Ainley, D.G., C.A. Ribic, G. Ballard, S. Heath, I. Gaffney, B.J. Karl, K.R. Barton, P.R. Wilson & S. Webb. 2004. Geographic structure of Adélie Penguin populations: size, overlap and use of adjacent colony-specific foraging areas. Ecological Monographs 74: 159-178. [pdf]

Ainley, D.G., P.R. Wilson, K.R. Barton, G. Ballard, N. Nur & B. Karl. 1998.  Diet and foraging effort of Adélie penguins in relation to pack-ice conditions in the southern Ross Sea.  Polar Biology 20: 311-319. [pdf]

Ballance, L.T., D.G. Ainley,  G. Ballard & K. Barton. 2009.  An energetic correlate between colony size and foraging effort in seabirds, an example of the Adélie penguin Pygoscelis adeliae. Journal of Avian Biology 40: 279-288. [pdf]

Ballard, G., K.M. Dugger, N. Nur & Ainley, D.G. 2010. Foraging strategies of Adélie penguins: adjusting body condition to cope with environmental variability. Marine Ecology Progress Series 405: 287–302. [pdf]

Ballerini, T., E.E. Hofmann, D.G. Ainley,  K. Daly, M. Marrari, C.A. Ribic, W.O. Smith Jr., & J.H. Steele. 2013. Productivity and linkages of the food web of the southern region of the western Antarctic Peninsula continental shelf. Progress in Oceanography, [pdf]

Ford, R.G., D.G. Ainley,  A. Lescroël, P.O’B. Lyver, V. Toniolo & G. Ballard. 2015. Testing assumptions of central place foraging theory: a study of Adélie penguins Pygoscelis adeliae in the Ross Sea. Journal of Avian Biology, 46: 193-205, doi: 10.1111/jav.00491 [pdf]

Jennings, S., A. Varsani, K.M. Dugger, G. Ballard & D.G. Ainley. 2016. Sex-based differences in Adélie Penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) chick growth rates and diet. PLoS ONE 11(3): e0149090. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0149090 [pdf]

Karnovsky, N., Ainley, D.G. & P. Lee. 2007. The impact and importance of production in polynyas to top-trophic predators: three case histories. In Polynyas (W.O. Smith, Jr. & D.G. Barber, Eds.). Elsevier Publishers, London. Pp 391-410.

Lescroël, A., G. Ballard, V. Toniolo, K.J. Barton, P.R. Wilson, P. O’B. Lyver & D.G. Ainley. 2010. Working less to gain more: when breeding quality relates to foraging efficiency. Ecology 91: 2044–2055 [pdf]

Lyver, P.O’B., C.J. MacLeod, G. Ballard, B.J. Karl, J. Adams, D.G. Ainley & P.R. Wilson. 2011. Intra-seasonal variation in foraging behavior among Adélie Penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) breeding at Cape Hallett, Ross Sea, Antarctica. Polar Biol 34:49–67. [pdf]

Sergio, F., O.J. Schmitz, C.J. Krebs, R.D. Holt, M.R. Heithaus, A.J. Wirsing, W.J. Ripple, E. Ritchie, D. Ainley, D. Oro, Y. Jhala, F. Hiraldo and E. Korpimäki. 2014. Towards a cohesive, holistic view of top predation: a definition, synthesis and perspective. Oikos doi: 10.1111/oik.01468 [pdf]

Whitehead, A.L., P.O’B. Lyver, G. Ballard, K. Barton, B.J. Karl, K.M. Dugger, S. Jennings, A. Lescroël, P.R. Wilson & D.G. Ainley. 2015. Factors driving Adélie penguin chick size, mass and condition at colonies of differing size in the southern Ross Sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series 523: 199–213. [pdf]

Climate Change

Ainley, D.G., G. Ballard, S.D. Emslie, W.R. Fraser, P.R. Wilson & E.J. Woehler. 2003. Adélie Penguins and environmental change. Science 300: 429. [pdf]

Ainley, D.G., E.D. Clarke, K. Arrigo, W.R. Fraser, A. Kato, K.J. Barton & P.R. Wilson. 2005. Decadal-scale changes in the climate and biota of the Pacific sector of the Southern Ocean, 1950s to the 1990s. Antarctic Science 17: 171-182. [pdf]

Ainley, D.G., K.A. Hobson, X. Crosta, G.H. Rau, L.I. Wassenaar & P.C. Augustinus. 2006. Holocene variation in the Antarctic coastal food web: linking δD and δ13Cin snow petrel diet and marine sediments. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 306: 31-40. [pdf]

Ainley, D.G., J. Russell, S. Jenouvrier, E. Woehler, P. O’b. Lyver, W.R. Fraser, G.L. Kooyman. 2010. Antarctic penguin response to habitat change as earth’s troposphere reaches 2°c above pre-industrial levels. Ecological Monographs 80: 49-66. [pdf]

Ainley, D.G., P.R. Wilson & W.R. Fraser. 2001. Effects of climate change on Antarctic sea ice and penguins. Pp. 26-27 in Impacts of climate change on wildlife (R.E. Green, M. Harley, M. Spalding & C. Zockler, eds.). RSPB, Cambridge, UK.

Arrigo, K.R., G.L. van Dijken, D.G. Ainley, M.A. Fahnestock & T. Markus. 2002. The impact of the B-15 iceberg on productivity and penguin breeding success in the Ross Sea, Antarctica. Geophys. Res. Letters 29(7), 10.1029/2001GLO14160. [pdf]

Ballard G., V. Toniolo, D.G. Ainley, C.L. Parkinson, K.R. Arrigo & P.N. Trathan. 2010. Responding to climate change: Adélie penguins confront astronomical and ocean boundaries. Ecology 91: 2056-2069. [pdf]

Dugger, K.M., G. Ballard, D.G. Ainley, P.O’B. Lyver & C. Schine. 2014. Adélie penguins coping with environmental change: results from a natural experiment at the edge of their breeding range. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 2:68, doi: 10.3389/fevo.2014.00068. [pdf]

Emslie, S.D., P.A. Berkman, D.G. Ainley, L. Coats & M. Polito. 2003. Late-Holocene initiation of ice-free ecosystems in the southern Ross Sea, Antarctica. Marine Ecology Progress Series 262: 19-25. [pdf]

Kooyman, G.L., D.G. Ainley,  G. Ballard and P.J. Ponganis. 2007. Effects of giant icebergs on two emperor penguin colonies in the Ross Sea, Antarctica. Antarctic Science 19: 31-38. [pdf]

LaRue, M.A., D.G. Ainley, M. Swanson, K.M. Dugger, P.O. Lyver, K. Barton & G. Ballard. 2013. Climate change winners: receding ice fields facilitate colony expansion and altered dynamics in an Adélie Penguin metapopulation. PLoS ONE 8(4): e60568. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0060568. [pdf]

Lescroël, A., G. Ballard, D. Grémillet, M. Authier & Ainley, D.G. 2014. Antarctic climate change: extreme events disrupt plastic response in Adélie penguins. PLoS ONE, 9(1): e85291. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0085291.[pdf]

Shepherd, L.D., C.D. Millar, G. Ballard, D.G. Ainley,  P.R. Wilson, G.D. Haynes, C. Baroni & D.M. Lambert. 2005. Microevolution and mega-icebergs in the Antarctic. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. 102 (46): 16717-16722. [pdf]

Smith, R.C., E. Domack, S. Emslie, W.R. Fraser, D.G. Ainley,  K. Baker, J. Kennett, A. Leventer, E. Mosley-Thompson, S. Stammerjohn & M. Vernet. 1999. Marine ecosystem sensitivity to historical climate change: Antarctic Peninsula.  BioScience 49: 393-404. [pdf]

Wilson, P.R., D.G. Ainley,  N. Nur, S.S. Jacobs, K.J. Barton, G. Ballard & J.C. Comiso. 2001. Adélie Penguin population change in the Pacific Sector of Antarctica: Relation to sea-ice extent and the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. Marine Ecology Progress Series 213: 301-309. [pdf]

Ross Sea Ecology

Ainley, D.G. 2002. The Ross Sea, Antarctica: Where all ecosystem processes still remain for study. CCAMLR Document WG-EMM 02/60. Hobart, Australia. [pdf]

Ainley, D.G. 2002. The Ross Sea, Antarctica: Where all ecosystem processes still remain for study, but maybe not for long. Marine Ornithology 31: 55-62. [pdf]

Ainley, D.G. 2004. Acquiring a ‘base datum of normality’ for a marine ecosystem: the Ross Sea, Antarctica. CCAMLR document WG-EMM-04/20, Hobart. [pdf]

Ainley D.G. 2007. Insights from study of the last intact neritic marine ecosystem. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 22: 444-445. [pdf]

Ainley, D.G. 2010. A history of the exploitation of the Ross Sea, Antarctica. Polar Record46 (238): 233–243. [pdf]

Ainley, D., V. Toniolo, G. Ballard, K. Barton, J. Eastman, B. Karl, S. Focardi, G. Kooyman, P. Lyver, S. Olmastroni, B.S. Stewart, J.W. Testa & P. Wilson. 2006. Managing Ecosystem Uncertainty: Critical Habitat and Dietary Overlap of Top-Predators in the Ross Sea. CCAMLR document EMM 06 – 07, Hobart. [pdf]

Ainley, D.G., G. Ballard & J. Weller. 2010. ROSS SEA BIOREGIONALIZATION Part I: Validation of the 2007 CCAMLR Bioregionalization Workshop Results Towards Including the Ross Sea in a Representative Network of Marine Protected Areas in the Southern Ocean. CCAMLR WG-EMM-10/11, Hobart. [pdf]

Ballard, G., D. Jongsomjit & D.G. Ainley. 2010. ROSS SEA BIOREGIONALIZATION, Part Ii: Patterns of Co-Occurrence of Mesopredators in an Intact Polar Ocean Ecosystem. CCAMLR WG-EMM-10/12, Hobart. [pdf]

Ballard, G., Jongsomjit, D., Veloz, S.D., Ainley, D.G. 2012. Coexistence of mesopredators in an intact polar ocean ecosystem: The basis for defining a Ross Sea marine protected area. Biological Conservation 156: 72-82. [pdf]

Smith, W.O. Jr., D.G. Ainley & R. Cattaneo-Vietti. 2006. Marine Ecosystems: the Ross Sea. In Antarctic Ecology: From Genes to Ecosystems, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B (2007) 362, 95–111. [pdf]

Smith, W.O. Jr., D.G. Ainley, R. Cattaneo-Vietti & E.E. Hofmann. 2012. The Ross Sea continental shelf: Regional biogeochemical cycles, trophic interactions, and potential future changes. In: Antarctic Ecosystems: An Extreme Environment in a Changing World (A.D. Rogers, N.M. Johnston, E.J. Murphy and A. Clarke, Eds.). Chapter 7, Blackwell Publishing, London, pp. 213-242. [pdf]

Smith, W.O. Jr., D.G. Ainley,  K.R. Arrigo & M.S. Dinniman. 2014. The oceanography and ecology of the Ross Sea. Annual Review of Marine Science 6:469–487.[pdf]

Whales (Penguin competitor)

Ainley, D.G., K.M. Dugger, V. Toniolo & I. Gaffney. 2007. Cetacean occurrence patterns in the Amundsen and southern Bellingshausen Sea sector, Southern Ocean. Marine Mammal Science 23: 287-305. [pdf]

Ainley, D.G., G. Ballard, S. Olmastroni. 2009. An Apparent Decrease in the Prevalence of “Ross Sea Killer Whales” in the Southern Ross Sea. Aquatic Mammals 35(3), 335-347. [pdf]

Ainley, D.G., G. Ballard, L.K. Blight, S. Ackley, S.D. Emslie, A. Lescroël, S. Olmastroni, S.E. Townsend, C.T. Tynan, P. Wilson, E. Woehler. 2010. Impacts of cetaceans on the structure of southern ocean food webs. Marine Mammal Science 26: 482-489. [pdf]

Ainley, D.G., D. Jongsomjit, G. Ballard, D. Thiele, W.R. Fraser, C.T. Tynan. 2012. Modeling the relationship of Antarctic minke whales to major ocean boundaries. Polar Biology 35:281-290. [pdf]

Ainley, D.G. & G. Ballard. 2012. Trophic Interactions and the decrease in Killer Whale (Orcinus orca) prevalence with reduced availability of large fish in the southern Ross Sea. Aquatic Mammals 38: 153-160. [pdf]

Ainley, D.G., K. Lindke, G. Ballard, P.O’B. Lyver, S. Jennings, V. Toniolo, J. Pennycook, A. Lescroël, M. Massaro & J.A. Santora. Spatio-temporal occurrence patterns of cetaceans near Ross Island, Antarctica, 2002-2015: implications for foodweb dynamics. Polar Biology, submitted

Ballard, G. & D.G. Ainley. 2005. Killer whale harassment of Adélie penguins at Ross Island. Antarctic Science 17: 385-386 [pdf]

Lauriano, G., M. Vacchi, D. Ainley & G. Ballard. 2007. Observations of top predators foraging on fish in the pack ice of the southern Ross Sea. Ant. Sci. 19: 439-440. [pdf]

Seals (Penguin competitor, Predator)

Ainley, D.G., G. Ballard, B.J. Karl & K.T. Dugger. 2005. Leopard seal predation rates at penguin colonies of different size. Antarctic Science 17: 335-340. [pdf]

Ainley, D. G., M.A. LaRue, I. Stirling, S. Stammerjohn & D.B. Siniff. 2015. An apparent population decrease, or change in distribution, of Weddell seals along the Victoria Land coast. Marine Mammal Science, DOI: 10.1111/mms.12220. [pdf]

Ainley, D.G. & D.B. Siniff. 2009. The importance of Antarctic toothfish as prey of Weddell Seals in the Ross Sea: A Review. Antarctic Science 21: 317-327.[pdf]

Kim, S.Z., D.G. Ainley,  J. Pennycook & J.T. Eastman. 2011. Antarctic toothfish heads found along tide cracks of the McMurdo Ice Shelf. Antarctic Science 23: 469-470. [pdf]

LaRue, M.A., J.J. Rotella, R.A. Garrott, D.B. Siniff,  D.G. Ainley,  G.E. Stauffer, C.C. Porter & P.J. Morin. 2011. Satellite imagery can be used to detect variation in abundance of Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddellii) in Erebus Bay, Antarctica. Polar Biology 34:1727-1737. [pdf]

Salas, L., N. Nur, D. Ainley, J. Burns, J. Rotella, G. Ballard. 2016. Coping with loss of large, energy-dense prey: A potential bottleneck for Weddell Seals in the Ross Sea. Ecological Applications, in press. [pdf]

Siniff, D.B., R.A. Garrott, J.J. Rotella, W.R. Fraser & D.G. Ainley. 2008. Projecting the effects of environmental change on Antarctic seals. Antarctic Science 20: 425-435. [pdf]

Antarctic Toothfish (penguin competitor)

Abrams, P.A., D.G. Ainley,  L.K. Blight, P.K. Dayton, J.T. Eastman, J.L. Jacquet. 2016. Necessary elements of precautionary management: implications for the Antarctic toothfish. Fish & Fisheries 17, 1152–1174, DOI: 10.1111/faf.12162. [pdf]

Ainley, D.G., G. Ballard, J.T. Eastman, C.W. Evans, N. Nur, C.L. Parkinson. 2016. Changed prevalence, not absence explains toothfish status in McMurdo Sound. Antarctic Science, doi:10.1017/S0954102016000584 [pdf]

Ainley, D.G., N. Nur, J.T. Eastman, G. Ballard, C.L. Parkinson, C.W. Evans, A.L. DeVries. 2013 Decadal trends in abundance, size and condition of Antarctic toothfish in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica, 1972-2011. Fish & Fisheries 14, 343–363 DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-2979.2012.00474.x. [pdf]

Ainley, D.G., C.M. Brooks, J.T. Eastman, and M. Massaro. 2012. Unnatural selection of Antarctic Toothfish in the Ross Sea, Antarctica. F. Huettmann (ed.), Protection of the Three Poles, pp. 53-75. DOI 10.1007/978-4-431-54006-9_3, Springer, Tokyo. [pdf]

Ainley, D.G., J.T. Eastman, C.M. Brooks. 2015. Comments on ‘‘The Antarctic toothfish (Dissostichus mawsoni): biology, ecology, and life history in the Ross Sea region,’’ by S. Hanchet et al. Hydrobiologia, 2015, 761:397–414. [pdf]

Human Impacts

Ainley, D.G. & L.K. Blight. 2009. Ecological repercussions of historical fish extraction from the southern ocean. Fish and Fisheries 10: 13-38.Blight, L.K, and Ainley, D.G. 2008. Southern Ocean not so pristine. Science 321: 1443. [pdf]

Ainley, D.G. & C.M. Brooks. 2013. Exploiting the Southern Ocean: rational use or return to tragedy of the commons, pp. 143-154. In Liggett, D. & Hemmings, A. (ed.) Exploring Antarctic Values. Antarctic Gateway Publication Series, No. 1031. Christchurch NZ. [pdf]

Ainley, D.G. & D. Pauly. 2014. Fishing down the food web of the Antarctic continental shelf and slope. Polar Record 50: 92-107, doi:10.1017/S0032247412000757. [pdf]

Ainley, D.G. & D. Pauly. 2016. Antarctica. In: Global Atlas of Marine Fisheries: A Critical Appraisal of Catches and Ecosystem Impacts (D. Pauly & D. Zeller, Eds.). Island Press, Washington, DC. P. 188.

Blight, L.K., D.G. Ainley,  S.F. Ackley, G. Ballard, T. Ballerini, R.L. Brownell Jr., C.-H. C. Cheng, M. Chiantore, D. Costa, M.C. Coulter, P. Dayton, A.L. Devries, R. Dunbar, S. Earle, J.T. Eastman, S. D. Emslie, C.W. Evans, R.A. Garrott, S. Kim, G. Kooyman, A. Lescroël, M. Lizotte, M. Massaro, S. Olmastroni, P.J. Ponganis, J. Russell, D.B. Siniff, W.O. Smith Jr., B.S. Stewart, I. Stirling, J. Willis, P.R Wilson & E.J. Woehler. 2010. Fishing for data in the Ross Sea. Science 330: 1316. [pdf]

Brooks, C.M. & D.G. Ainley. 2016. Fishing the bottom of the earth: the political challenges of ecosystem-based management. In: Handbook on the Politics of Antarctica (K. Dodds, A.D. Hemmings, P. Roberts, Eds.), in press.

Brooks, C.M., L.B. Crowder, L.M. Curran, R.B. Dunbar, D.G. Ainley, K.J. Dodds, K.M. Gjerde & U.R. Sumaila. 2016. The decline of science-based management in the Southern Ocean: Conservation or compromise? Science 354: 185-187. [pdf]

Christian, C., D. Ainley, M. Bailey, P. Dayton, J. Hocevar, M. LeVine, J. Nikoloyuk, C. Nouvian, E. Velarde, R. Werner & J. Jacquet. 2013. A review of formal objections to Marine Stewardship Council fisheries certifications. Biological Conservation 161: 10–17. [pdf]

Christian, C., D. Ainley, M. Bailey, P. Dayton, J. Hocevar, M. LeVine, J. Nikoloyuk, C. Nouvian, E. Velarde, R. Werner & J. Jacquet. 2013. Not ‘‘the best environmental choice in seafood’’: A response to Gutiérrez and Agnew (2013). Biological Conservation 161: [pdf]

Jacquet, J., D. Pauly, D. Ainley, S. Holt, P. Dayton & J. Jackson. 2010. Seafood stewardship in crisis. Nature 467: 28-29. [pdf]

Jacquet, J., E. Blood-Patterson, C. Brooks & D. Ainley. 2016. ‘Rational use’ in Antarctic waters. Marine Policy 63: 28-34. [pdf]

Marschoff, E.R., E.R. Barrera-Oro, N.S. Alescio & D.G. Ainley. 2012. Slow recovery of previously depleted demersal fish at the South Shetland Islands, 1983–2010. Fisheries Research 125/126: 206-213. [pdf]

Tin, T., Z.L. Fleming, K.A. Hughes, D.G. Ainley, P. Convey, C.A. Moreno, S. Pfeiffer, J. Scott & I. Snape. 2009. Impacts of local human activities on the Antarctic environment. Antarctic Science 21, doi:10.1017/S0954102009001722 [pdf]

Woehler, E.J., D. Ainley & J. Jabour. 2013. Human impacts to Antarctic wildlife: predictions and speculations for 2060, pp. 27-60. In Tin, T., D. Liggett, P.T. Maher, M. Lamers (eds.), Antarctic Futures, DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-6582-5_2. Springer, Dordrecht GR. [pdf]